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Nationalism connected with Fascism especially after the end of the First World War when the result of war signaled the break-up of four empires of Europe, Austro-Hungarian, Russian, Ottoman and German. The new states that created included powerful minorities within their territories, something that in the future would cause instability and elation of nationalism. (Documentary: The rise of Nationalism inEurope) The relationship between Nationalism and Fascism was very close because the lack of stability and peace after the end of the First World War caused the appearance of fascist movements and regimes in 1920’s and 1930’s particularly in Italy and Germany and then Spain. (Documentary: The bloody history of fascism)  The dictatorial fascist regimes that appeared during this time included nationalism in their policy. The dictatorships used nationalism in order to awaken the population and make them feel proud again. For the fascist regimes nationalism was very important element for the continuation of the nation’s glorious past. Concretely fascism is the violent side of nationalism because fascist regimes tried through violence to impose the national superiority towards the other nations. So the fascist regimes used violence through militarism in order to impose their national beliefs and superiority. (Communism, Fascism, and Democracy: The theoretical foundations, Cohen C., p.340-343)

When the National Socialist Party became the governor party in Germany its leader Adolph Hitler as chancellor started to apply the dream of the establishment of the Third Reich Empire. He used the nationalist feelings of the Germans in order to convince them that are the Aryan race, the superior nation than all the others. The other nations would be supposed to accept the German superiority. National Socialism was mainly the political movement that expressed the nationalism among the Germans. The Jews of Germany became the goal of extermination by the Nazis who put immediately in force the plan of Jewish extermination. The German Jews considered by the Nazis as non-Aryan people. (Nationalism, Alter P., p. 50-54) They were not Germans and the Nazi regime started to exterminate them as well as to exclude them from any activity within the German society. As a result the Nazis banned Jews from any sport activity because sports were only for the Aryan Germans. So the Jews had not the right of participation in sports within the national society of Germans except probably the concentrations camps that during the Nazis era became the ‘house’ of Jews where they could to have sport activity as captives. (Deutschland über Alles: discrimination in German football, p.755, Soccer & Society Vol. 10, No. 6, November 2009, 754–765)

Also in Italy after the predominance of Benito Mussolini in the power, the Italian dictator attempted to raise the national beliefs of Italians trying to revive the myth of the glorious Roman Empire. Mussolini tried to compare himself with Roman Emperor. Fascism in Italy was a dictatorial political system with racist, nationalistic beliefs and militaristic tendencies. Also this political system had absolute character that seek the absolute subjugation of the mass and also individuals under the leader and state in order to succeed the national objectives. So finally, Nationalism and Fascism are connected each other mostly at the case of racism, militarism, totalitarianism and supremacy where used the nationalist ideals in order to imposed to other nations. (Communism, Fascism, and Democracy: The theoretical foundations, Cohen C., p.332-339)

Sports and particularly football contributed in the strengthening and promotion of national identity. Via sports it could be projected the nation and successes would bring glory but also the vindication for the regime. Also athletes via sports could to become discipline athletes with aim to succeed and make proud their nation. Fascist regimes wanted discipline citizens towards their leaders and national ideals. Thus sports had the ability to promote the image of discipline nation, ready for new successes. Fascist regime also wanted strong and healthy men ready to fight for their nation. Sports were the ideal place where men could to gain healthy, strength and to be ready to protect their country.  In football an international success was considered as a result of strength and discipline to the nation and leader of the country. The fascist regime and people could to feel nationally proud from possible successes and trophies in football.  (Militarism, sport,Europe: War without weapons, Mangan J.A., p.166-175)