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At the beginning of 1920’s when Fascist Party came to power, they understood that football should come to the regime’s attention. The intervention of Fascism into Italian football was significant issue for the spread of fascist propaganda into the masses. Football was the most practical choice for communicating with the masses. Football stadiums when they were full by the crowd were seemed like Fascist theatres, a theatre for the masses, a theatre where the absolute leader would be able to project himself and promote successfully the fascist ideology. The Fascists realized that every weekend there were approximately 200,000 people going to see football matches and because of this the regime should spend more money for propaganda into football stadiums and create a sense of collective consciousness or national identity. Mussolini wanted to use sports in order to express the collective emotions of Italians about himself and his regime. Football team was a representative of a collection of people that had the ability to bring individuals together and established an emotional unity among them for the benefit of nation. So football should be put under the control of fascist government through which the mechanisms of propaganda would apply into this sport that enjoyed by the masses and make them to feel as a unique or single people. Football as sport of masses could be considered as “a perfect forum for constructing identity” (Sports in Society: Issues and Controversies, Annemarie Jutel, 2002, p.453), something that the Fascists wanted to achieve. Some of football stadiums in the modern era were built during Mussolini’s governance and also the Fascists at this time introduced programmes of physical education. Through these specific programmes, Fascists aimed in the fascist education of Italians from young age via sports creating thus appreciable athletes but also patriots ready to fight for the ideals of fascism. (Sport, Culture and the Media, p.22-24, Article: Football and Fascism-The creation of Italy’s Serie A by Andrew Lawless, Sports in Society: Issues and Controversies p.451-453)

The Italian national league Serie A established by the Fascist regime of Benito Mussolini in 1930. Through the creation of national league the aim was a cultivation of sense of national identity. The national league should promote the unity of Italian nation and concretely a single national image abroad via national football league. However before was exist another national league in the 1928-29 season when it was two divisions north and south and the Champion decided through a play-off. So Serie A was the first single national league that would represent the single national identity of the whole Italy north and south. Mussolini’s attempt was the transformation of Italian football in order to promote the unity of Italian nation abroad. Also the Fascists understood that to have a single national league, the small clubs of cities should have linked themselves into stronger clubs that represent successfully their cities. For instance in the capital Rome a number of sides got merged into one to form AS Roma which had as leader the fascist Italo Foschi. Arpinati the head of football federation said to the clubs that if they wanted to participate in the national league they should to unite their powers, come together in order to form one club to represent the city. A unifying identity played significant role for the fascist government in order to shape sense of belonging to the nation. The regime was against the tendency towards local identity that was associated more with the middle Ages and the era of the city-states. The position of fascist government for this issue was that the localism has no place in Italian society. (Article: Football and Fascism – The creation of Italy’s Serie A by Andrew Lawless, August 2005)