When Mussolini took the power in Italy, one of his priorities was the education of the country’s youth according to Fascist ideals. Sports constituted the ground through which the young Italians would be able to take the physical and political education. By this way Italy was able to produce great athletes who will achieve great sport successes for the nation and Fascism.
In 1923 the minister of Fascist government Giovanni Gentile started the reorganization of Italian education that should have kept pace with the ideals and beliefs of fascist ideology. The education of the new Italians from their birth was very important because they grow up as the new fascists and patriots who can to maintain the Italian fascist nation. So the Italian youth became members of Fascist youth organizations through which they gain such education that help them to become the successors of Italian fascism. Mobilization of masses through sports was a key element in Fascist decision-making in an attempt to create fascist consciousness. The physical education of youth should based on a specific programme through which they would have the ability to grow up as real patriots, as real Fascists because as the Fascists had believed if you are Fascist you are Patriot. (Militarism, sport, Europe: War without weapons, Mangan J.A., p.166-170)
Mussolini’s regime faced the issue of sport infrastructure as an important issue for the creation of Fascist civilization. Building of new football stadiums would be symbols of Fascist power and operate as Fascist theatres. Like the Giovanni Berta stadium in Florence also the stadiums of Bologna, Turin and Rome were significant sports projects of Fascist Architecture. Some of the priorities of the regime were to invest in sport infrastructure. The Fascists wanted to build sport stadiums that seemed like the Roman amphitheatres. As a result of this infrastructure policy were built some of the best stadiums in Europe. Bologna was the first city in Italy that came under fascist control. As a result the Fascist regime took into consideration the significant position of city within Italian territory and they started to promote sport constructions.
Leandro Arpinati was the creator of a modern stadium in Bologna. This stadium was built in order to give the chance to the youth to learn the ways towards healthy and morality and educated based on national, fascist ideals. When the Fascists took the power in Italy, Bologna was in the centre of fascist interest for the establishment via sports the healthy national identity. The modern Bologna stadium was also used for international events that improved the image of Italy and its regime abroad. (Football and Fascism: The national game under Mussolini, Martin S., p.79-116) Generally during this era the Fascists built modern football stadiums that influenced by the Roman architecture in order to project the glorious historical past of Italian race. Mussolini and his followers had as objective to put their stigma in building of monuments that later would remind to the next generations that Fascist era sometimes existed.
The creation of new Fascist society started from the city of Bologna that was the centre of sport events. Bologna Football club appeared during the Fascist era as the regime’s team and the authorities did everything to maintain club in the top of Italian style of football. (Football and Fascism: The national game under Mussolini, Martin S., p.130-140)