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The rise of National-Socialist party in Germany established a new era for German society. The Germans as Aryan race should promote single national identity and via sports. The creation of Third Reich’s athletic spirit was one of the Nazi’s goals during their governance. Extreme Nationalism and Antisemitism constituted elements of the Nazi Sport policy. The application of masses propaganda within football stadiums would create a strong sense of Aryan race. The German superiority could be promoted and via football successes in international level. In the framework of their extreme nationalist and racist policy, the Nazis excluded the Jews from any public activity including sports in order to create homogeneous national or Aryan society. In 1933 when the National-Socialists took the power they put German Football Association under their absolute control. In the sports magazine “kicker” which had as a founder the Jewish Walther Bensemann they announced that all German football clubs as Aryans should to expel their Jewish stuff. (Deutschland über Alles: discrimination in German football, p.755, Soccer & Society, Vol. 10, No. 6, November 2009, 754–765)

So the intervention of the Nazis in football was necessary in order to ‘clean’ this sport from the Jews and protects the “German blood and honour” based on Nuremberg Laws. (The Hidden Social and Political History of the German Football Association (DFB), 1900-50, Udo Merkel, p.181, Soccer and Society, Vol.1, No.2 (Summer 2000), pp.167-186) After the rise of Hitler in power the German Football Federation became Assistant of regime in exclusion from 1933 of all people who did not belong to the Aryan Race included players, sponsors, club owners and journalists. Some German Jews had key positions in German football during the National-Socialists’ governance. Such Jews were the national team’s player Julius Hirsch and Bayern Munich’s president Kurt Landauer. The first one died when he led to the Nazi concentration camps and the second one was removed from his position as president because of his Jewish origin. (Deutschland über Alles: discrimination in German football, p.755, Soccer & Society, Vol. 10, No. 6, November 2009, 754–765, Gillmeister, Heiner (2000)’The tale of Little Franz and Big Franz: the foundation of Bayern Munich FC’, p.98, Soccer & Society, 1:2, 80 — 106) The founders of Bayern Munich, one of the most successful teams in German and European football were no Bavarians. An important fact was that some of them were Jews and some others were Saxons, Hanseatics and Prussians. So the Jews played a significant role in the foundation of the Munich’s historical team. (Gillmeister, Heiner (2000)’The tale of Little Franz and Big Franz: the foundation of Bayern Munich FC’, p.81, Soccer & Society, 1:2, 80 — 106)  

The exclusion of Jews in sports was included more widely in the extent of the Nazi anti-Semitic policy for absolute extermination of Jews from any social activity overlooking the fact that the Jews contributed significantly in the development of German sports. Jews were the people that had important role in the foundation of German sports clubs something that indicates the contribution of Jews in German society. After the end of the First World War the Nazis accused the Jews that they had share of responsibility for the defeat of country but however their contribution in the German society was very important. Especially after the end of the First World War, the Jews put under their control a big part of the German economy and as extent the sports activities. Because of this fact the Nazis applied successfully their anti-Semitic propaganda within German people. They tried to convince the German people that the national economy was in foreign hands. (Gillmeister, Heiner (2000)’The tale of Little Franz and Big Franz: the foundation of Bayern Munich FC’, p.80, Soccer & Society, 1:2, 80 — 106)

Football clubs should always prove their Aryan origin and they had key role in the establishment of Third Reich. As in Mussolini’s Fascist Italy, Hitler gave emphasis to youth education for creation of single national identity. The young members of clubs selected to become members of the Nazi Youth in order to gain education by the National-Socialist Party. Football clubs in Germany had the duty to contribute in the creation of the Third Reich’s Empire. The plans for application of masses propaganda and the attempt to transform football into efficient propaganda was interrupted when the Second World War started after the German military forces invited in Poland in September of 1939. (Deutschland über Alles: discrimination in German football, p.755, Soccer & Society, Vol. 10, No. 6, November 2009, 754–765)

Also Jewish people, who were communists and members of the Marxist movement, were unacceptable in any leading positions in organizations and clubs. The Jewish football players of Austria after the annexation in Germany excluded from any sport activity. All Jewish teams and clubs in Austria stopped to exist and administrators replaced by ‘Aryans’. Others were killed and some were emigrated in order to save themselves from the Nazi tyranny.  (The Hidden Social and Political History of the German Football Association (DFB), 1900-50, Udo Merkel, p.184-185, Soccer and Society, Vol.1, No.2 (Summer 2000), pp.167-186)

During the years of National-Socialism from 1938 to 1945, Jews of Austria were banned as well from any public sport activity and they had played only within concentration camps. After the annexation, Austria included by Nazis in the establishing of the “National-Socialist” football with emphasis on physical and moral exercise of Aryan race. The Nazis also had as objective the expansion of race consciousness among the Austrian football clubs. Young athletes of football clubs had as trainer the Hitler Youth in order to become the ideal Aryans in the future. After Anschluss, the Nazis turned immediately against the Jews of Austria. On March of 1938, when Austria became territory of the Third Reich, all Jewish sport clubs were banned from any sport activity and as a result Jewish managers and players left the country. Football club Austria Vienna temporarily closed because Jews affected in particular this club and the Nazis subsequently put the club under provisional administration. (Between Manipulation and Resistance: Viennese Football in the Nazi Era, Matthias Marschik, p.218-220, Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 34, No. 2 (Apr., 1999), 215-229)